Nicotine supplements give a measured supply of nicotine without other harmful chemicals of tobacco. It reduces the physical cravings for cigarette and makes quit smoking easy. This is because nicotine is the only chemical in tobacco that is responsible for making people addicted to it. Smokers can manage the problem of psychological dependence on nicotine more effectively using nicotine replacements.
As of now, FDA has approved five nicotine replacement Therapies (NRT)
Nicotine Patch : - This is a way to supply a steady stream of nicotine through skin over a certain period of time. The time could vary from 16 to 24 hours depending on the product. This patch is available on prescription and also over-the-counter. This NRT treatment is recommended for six to eight weeks depending on the intensity of nicotine dependence.
Nicotine Gum : - This is an over the counter product and recommended to those who wish to have something in their mouth during their nicotine cravings. The required numbers of gums are 20 to 30 each day for six to eight weeks.
Nicotine Inhaler : - This is a cigarette look-alike without the harmful ingredients and carbon mono oxide. The smokers puff the nicotine inhaler whenever they feel the craving for a cigarette. The treatment continues till twelve weeks depending on the patient's intensity of cigarette smoking.
Nicotine Nasal Spray : - This NRT product is for spraying into the nose and is available on prescription. It is recommended to use up to two sprays in an hour and the treatment may go as long as three months.
Nicotine Lozenge : - When a smoker has a habit of smoking the first cigarette within 30 minutes of awakening you can use 4 mg dose of this nicotine lozenge, an-over-the-counter drug.